North Shore Historic Art
Marmaduke Matthews RCA POSA (1837-1913)
Marmaduke Matthews was born in England and attended Cowley School in Oxford followed by London University. He first studied art under T.M. Richardson, an Oxford watercolourist. He studied under several other art masters in London and exhibited regularly in that city. In 1860, he moved to Toronto and married. He spend a few years in New York, and returned to Canada after confederation in 1869. He opened a studio in Toronto. In 1874, he purchased land and build a house in a prime location in the city, which he then named Wychwood Park. The house still stands today, and is surrounded by other mansion type properties. By 1875, he was advertising as a portrait artist and continued to do so for 11 years. Matthews is best known for his paintings of the Canadian Rockies, and was given special note of this at the 1893 World's Fair. His first trip to the Rockies was in 1887 with Frederick Marlett Bell Smith and Thomas Mower Martin. He exhibited sucessfully in both Canada and the United States. He was a founding member of the Royal Canadian Academy, and served as Secretary. He was also a founding member of the Ontario Society of Artists, where he later served as President. His paintings are in the permanent collections of the National Gallery of Canada, the Art Gallery of Ontario, the Royal Ontario Museum and elsewhere.
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